Interior design

Conceptualizing and producing aesthetic, functional and safe designs for interior spaces in residential, commercial, cultural, institutional and industrial buildings.

This might include; offices, hotels, restaurants, retail spaces, hospitality, healthcare, theatre set and exhibition design, domestic interiors, and so on. It may involve interiors for new buildings, or the redevelopment of existing spaces.

Interior design covers a wide range of activities and includes elements of the creative arts and of architecture. Interior design is a complex subject that often involves working alongside other professionals such architects and engineers as part of a larger project, and requires detailed knowledge of:

  • Design styles
  • Spatial design
  • How people are affected by their environments
  • Construction and materials
  • Regulations and approvals
  • Procurement and project management
  • Technical matters such as acoustics and lighting, and increasingly, technologies such as audio visual equipment and smart homes
  • Sustainability
  • The role of other consultants

Main fields:

  • Consulting with clients to determine needs, preferences, safety requirements and purpose of space
  • Developing detailed plans and 3D models showing arrangement of walls, dividers, displays, lighting and other fixtures using computer-assisted design (CAD) software and graphics software
  • Developing plans, elevations, cross sections and detailed drawings
  • Advising on selection of colours, finishes and materials, floor and wall coverings, window treatments, interior and exterior lighting, furniture and other items, taking into account ergonomic and occupational health standards
  • Estimating costs and materials required and advising on leasing, real estate and marketing
  • Preparing plans and specifications for the final interior designs in accordance with current practices and codes